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Prieuré Saint-Martin-des-Champs de Paris



Saint-Martin-des-Champs et son enclos sur le plan de Truschet et Hoyau (vers 1550)
 
 
 
 
 
Book illumination (dated 1079-1096),
British Museum, London,
on www.arthisteric.blogspot.de




Fig. 9: Romanesque apse,
 (London, British Library).




Église Saint-Martin-des-Champs, le roi Philippe Ier et la consécration de l'église par les moines de Cluny.
Manuscrit latin (1225-1275).


 

Paris, Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Umzeichnung von Gall nach Congr. archéol. 1919)



Prieuré Saint-Martin-des-Champs, plan de l'abside, H. Deneux.




Paris, Saint-Martin-des-Champs, plan Henri Deneux, 1913.
La partie sud-est du déambulatoire et le clocher
sont restaurés par Henri Deneux entre 1913 et 1916 (Wikipedia)




Saint-Martin-des-Champs, plan des fouilles de l’église (C. Brut, Commission du Vieux Paris),
 journals.openedition.org




Église Saint-Martin-des-Champs, mappinggothic.org



Église Saint-Martin-des-Champs, mappinggothic.org




 
Plan Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, Wikipedia


 

Section mappinggothic.org (Dehio und von Bezold)
 
 










Prieuré Saint-Martin-des-Champs, chevet de l'église en 1913



Chor von O, Foto Marburg



Chor von SO, Foto Marburg


Chor von SO, Foto Marburg



Chor von SW, Foto Marburg




Prieuré Saint-Martin-des-Champs, clocher de l'église avant 1913
 
 
K. Fichot, 1881,
 alte-originale-stiche.com
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prieuré de Saint-Martin-des-Champs,
on arthisteric.blogspot.de
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Prieuré de Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers).
Refectory (Library).
Photo by Jacques Mossot on Structurae.

 

Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf,44.JPG
Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
       
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
       
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
       
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
       
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
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Photo by Heinz Theuerkauf
       
       

Link > 170 photos on my Flickr website (2008)

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mappinggothic.org

We can thus date the construction of the Romanesque church to 959/60-1067. It seems that the single-vessel Romaneque nave, 16m wide and 43m long, had a wooden roof and was divided into two almost equal spaces by a screen. To the west was a central tower (collapsed in 1454). The choir was formed of an apse some 13m wide and 13m deep. A tower with eastern apsidal chapel (opening to the choir) was added on the south side of the choir after the transfer of the house to Cluny: the lower two stories survive but upper parts of the tower were demolished in 1808.
S-Martin-des-Champs then became one of the principal houses of the Cluniac order, critical for relations with the Ile-de-France and England and mother church of (by 1109) 17 dependent priories.
There are is no textual evidence for the work of reconstruction on the choir: most historians have placed it in the decade 1130-40 during the period of priors Eudes I (1126-31), Mathieu II (1131-20 and Thibaud II (1132-43) at a time the priory enjoyed the generosity of the kings of England as well as France. Soon before his death in 1137 Louis VI established the celebration of his anniversary in the priory. In 1121 Henry I of England established a similar memorial celebration.
The nave of the church was rebuilt circa 1230 upon the lower walls of the old nave.
Nearly all the monastic buildings were replaced between 1702 and 1720. On the suppression of the priory in 1790 the priory buildingss were distributed to the mairie of the VI. Arrondissement and to the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers which transformed the church into a museum. Extensive restoration and rebuilding was undertaken by Vaudoyer c1850 and Deneux, 1913-16. Excavations undertaken that this time revealed the southern apsical chapel of the older church. (http://mappinggothic.org)

The reconstruction of the chevet of S-Martin-des-Champs, pre-dating the work at S-Denis ... (mappinggothic.org)

The nave of the church was rebuilt circa 1230 upon the lower walls of the old nave.
Nearly all the monastic buildings were replaced between 1702 and 1720. On the suppression of the priory in 1790 the priory buildingss were distributed to the mairie of the VI. Arrondissement and to the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers which transformed the church into a museum. Extensive restoration and rebuilding was undertaken by Vaudoyer c1850 and Deneux, 1913-16. Excavations undertaken that this time revealed the southern apsical chapel of the older church. (mappinggothic.org)

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Since there is no textual evidence for the work of reconstruction of the Gothic choir with a double ambulatory, why date it in the decade 1130-40?
Double ambulatories were not common in the middle of the 12th century. Indeed, they are a rare feature in general and do not appear in drawings until around 1220, when they featured in a choir design for an unknown church by Villard de Honnecourt.
  It is a mistake to think that this choir had inspired Suger's choir of Saint-Denis! See Saint-Denis with a single ambulatory and apse chapels, not a double ambulatory.

The choir of Saint-Martin-des-Champs was more likely built circa 1230, when the nave of the church was rebuilt. (H. T.)

 

Link > Wikipédia (fr)

Link > www.wikiwand.com (fr)

Link > Wikipedia (de)

Link > www.patrimoine-religieux.fr (fr)

Link > http://www.paris-promeneurs.com (fr)

Link > http://mappinggothic.org (en)

Link > Structurae (fr)

Link > www.eutouring.com (en)

Link > Flickr images tagged Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Photos)

Link > www.pop.culture.gouv.fr (Photos)

Link > Foto Marburg Orte Frankreich > Paris Sakralbau > sonstige Kirchen > Saint-Germain-des-Champs (Photos)

Link > www.arthisteric.blogspot.com (en)

 

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